Formerly known as Pegu, Bago is a neighbor town of Yangon and it is only 80 kms away. The town can be considered as one of the archaeologically richest towns in the country as two Mon kings resided here and marked as their capitals from 825 AD to the 1300s. Pegu was on the Gulf of Martaban, and also believed to be earmarked as the location of a great city by Gautama (Buddha) The kings named it Hansayati (Hanthawaddy.) It was also a seaport, and a business capital.
Mon is one of the major ethnic groups in Myanmar, and back in the days, there were pretty powerful! They were even the influence behind of the increase in the belief of Theravada Buddhism in Myanmar during the Bagan era. Bago also became an important city of Second Myanmar Empire founded by King Bayinnaung in 14 century.