In the middle of 9th century, under King Anawratha, who unified Myanmar as well as converted the nation to be a Theravada Buddhist country, chose Bagan to be his capital and central powerbase. Since Buddhism started blooming, citizens of Bagan built over 13,000 stupas and temples all around the capital. Marco Polo described Bagan as “glided city alive with tinkling bells and the swishing sounds of monks’ robes.” Due to the invasion of the Mongols in 1287, the city was ruined and locals had to move and reside in near by villages. There are still around 2,200 stupas remaining across Bagan today.
All temples in Bagan are considered sacred by the Myanmar people, so having decent attire to go around is very important. Entering the religious sites with spaghetti straps, shorts, and revealing clothes are strictly prohibited. Visitors are preferred to cover their knees and shoulders. Wearing cotton based clothings are strongly suggested while visiting Bagan as it has a very hot climate (40 degrees Celsius).
The sunset/sunrise you will be able to see over Bagan skyline, will be one of the sunsets that you can never forget. With the hot air balloons, and orange sky accompanied with different sized Buddhist stupas, it is a sight that will take your breath and leave you in awe. So, make sure you catch this iconic scene when you go visit the place!