Useful Information About Myanmar

Capital From Different Ages

Naypyitaw has become the capital of Myanmar solely to serve as the country’s new administrative center. All the government offices from Yangon started moving to Nay Pyi Taw in 2005, and then it was proclaimed as the new capital in March 2006. This modern capital is constructed in an extensive, and well-structured way with eight-lane highways, zone for shopping, government housings, ministry buildings & hotels. 

NAY PYI TAW

This city also has a variety of botanical gardens, zoos and even safaris. This city even hosted the 24th & 25th ASEAN Summit, the Ninth East Asia Summit & the 2013 Southeast Asian Games. Anyhow, compared to the facilities it offers, the population residing in Nay Pyi Taw is comparably low. That is why, it is known as the “Ghost City” in most part of South East Asia. 

Although there might not be many people you see around this city, it is still a good idea to go visit Nay Pyi Taw. The reasons are there will not be a long queue waiting in front of you to experience all the attractions and facilities the city has to offer. 

Another pro tip is that, if you are a lover of good resorts, and love spending time, just relaxing in luxurious hotels,  Nay Pyi Taw is the right place for you as the hotels there gives a really good bargain!

“Nay Pyi Taw is the right place for you as the hotels there give a really good bargain!”

Yangon was the capital of independent Myanmar (1948-2006), and it is the largest city in the country to date. Its skyline is uniquely beautiful with a mix of Buddhist pagodas and temples, British colonial architecture, and modern high-rise buildings. The city is focused on its iconic trademark, Shwe Dagon Pagoda and things revolve around it. 

YANGON

No high-rise buildings are allowed to build within the area to avoid those buildings from outshining the pagoda’s sight. That is why only areas that are far from this iconic landmark have high floors. A hidden fact about Yangon is that, it is home to some of the most amazing and iconic colonial buildings throughout South East Asia, and they are well preserved in amazing conditions! 

“The city is focused on its iconic trademark, Shwe Dagon Pagoda and things revolve around it.”

As it is the country’s commercial and artistic hub, you can definitely witness the changes the country has going through such as new construction sites, recently implemented modern infrastructures and the infamous traffic jams as Myanmar’s economy had opened up again and reconnected with the world.

 

Mandalay is the former royal capital, located in the center part of Myanmar, lying on the Irrawaddy River. King Mindon, from Kon Baung Dynasty in 1857, marks this city as his new royal capital at the foot of the famous Mandalay Hill, then built the Mandalay Palace, and the moat at the center of the city. It is a square shaped city, with streets constructed based on the shape moat itself. Unfortunately, Mandalay was bombed in World War II, and pretty much everything original had been destroyed. The palace, the moat and most of its landmarks had been rebuilt during the 1900s. 

Nevertheless, this city is still truly filled with pure Myanmar art, culture, tradition and history. 

MANDALAY

“If you are a lover of history, religious activities, Mandalay is ecstasy for you.”

If you are a lover of history, religious activities, Mandalay is ecstasy for you. In addition, Mandalay is known as the food heaven of the country. So, if you are a foodie, Mandalay is a must in your to go list. Modern Mandalay is also known as the bike city for Myanmar. Back in the days, citizens of this city use bicycles as the main transportation system, but now that the time has changed, bicycles have been replaced by bikes. The locals though, use public transportation very less.

With marvelous cultural markets, many monasteries, gold workshops, traditional fabric studios, as well as a busy working riverside, and a local food paradise to explore, Mandalay will keep you excited and attract you to visit her every time.

In the middle of the 9th century, under King Anawratha, who unified Myanmar as well as converted the nation to be a Theravada Buddhist country, chose Bagan to be his capital and central power base.

Since Buddhism started blooming, citizens of Bagan built over 13,000 stupas and temples all around the capital. Marco Polo described Bagan as “gilded city alive with tinkling bells and the swishing sounds of monks’ robes.”

All temples in Bagan are considered sacred by the Myanmar people, so having decent attire to go around is very important. 

BAGAN

Due to the invasion of the Mongols in 1287, the city was ruined and locals had to move and reside in nearby villages. There are still around 2,200 stupas remaining across Bagan today.

Entering the religious sites with spaghetti straps, shorts, and revealing clothes are strictly prohibited.

Visitors are preferred to cover their knees and shoulders. Wearing cotton based clothings are strongly suggested while visiting Bagan as it has a very hot climate (40 degrees Celsius).

“Wearing cotton based clothings are strongly suggested while visiting Bagan.”

The sunset/sunrise you will be able to see over Bagan skyline will be one of the sunsets that you can never forget. With the hot air balloons and orange sky accompanied by different sized Buddhist stupas, it is a sight that will take your breath and leave you in awe. So, make sure you catch this iconic scene when you go to visit the place!

Beaches of Myanmar

NGWE SAUNG BEACH

Ngapali Beach

Mergui Archipelagos